Guide to Understanding Eating Disorders
Eating disorder is one of the common conditions affecting most people. Eating disorders can be described as illnesses characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. It is worth noting that eating difficulties can be harmful since they may involve inadequate or excessive food intake. In this article, we will take you through the types of eating disorders. The following are the types of eating disorders that affect most people, they include Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. In addition, the condition can develop at any stage in life but typically appear during the teen years or young adulthood. The condition can be harmful when left untreated for long.
The following are some of the features that people suffering from anorexia nervosa will have, these include having an obsessive fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an unrealistic perception of body image. Another sign of the condition is that it makes people control the quality of food they consume since they always view themselves as overweight. The following are the adverse health effects of Anorexia, these include brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties, infertility, and death.
In addition to understanding anorexia nervosa, it is essential to know much about bulimia nervosa which is an eating disorder with several negative health effects. This eating disorder is characterized by repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives or diuretic. When one suffers from the condition, they will seem to fear weight gain and feel severely unhappy with their body size and shape. The effect of the condition is that it makes patients experience gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
Another eating disorder is binge which is characterized by frequent loss of control of eating patterns. Binge patients tend to develop an appetite for most foods. Binge is linked to some negative health effects, some of which include intense feelings of guilt, distress, and embarrassment.
To have a clear understanding of eating disorders, you need to take a look at their causes. Eating disorders are caused by a number of factors. Since there are many factors that cause eating disorders, the effects can be categorized into the following groups including biological, psychological, and/or environmental. The biological causes of eating disorders include nutritional deficiencies, irregular hormone functions, and genetics.
A number of people suffer from eating disorders which are brought by psychological factors such as poor self-esteem and negative body image. Some of the environmental factors of eating disorders include family and childhood traumas, careers that promote being thin and weight loss, aesthetically oriented sports, among others.